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Manganese Alloys and Manganese Metal

Manganese alloys include various ferromanganese and silicomanganese grades. High-carbon ferromanganese (HCFeMn) with a manganese content of 70-80 wt% and a carbon content of 6-7 wt% is the most widely used ferroalloy in terms of quantity. Ferromanganese alloys are produced by carbothermic reduction of ores containing iron and manganese oxide in a smelting-reduction furnace. During the production process, slags with a high content of manganese oxide is formed, which can be refined in further process steps to ferro-silicon manganese, low-carbon ferro-manganese (LCFeMn) or to manganese metal. In 2020, we observed FeMn prices at 900 - 2,000 €/mt, SiMn prices at 915 - 1,050 €/mt and manganese metal prices at 1,500 - 2,400 €/mt.

Frequently traded on Metalshub

Manganese is added to alloy steel, such as structural steel, tool steel, stainless and heat-resistant steel.

NamePrice Range 2020AbbreviationSize (mm)Mn Content (%)
High Carbon Ferromanganese 900-1,100 €/mt HCFeMnHCFeMn 2-10 (fines) 75-80
High Carbon Ferromanganese 850-1,000 €/mt HCFeMnHCFeMn 10-100 (lumpy) 75-80
Medium Carbon Ferromanganese 1,240-1,445 €/mt MCFeMnMCFeMn10-10075-85
Low Carbon Ferromanganese1,445-2,000 €/mt LCFeMnLCFeMn10-10075-85
Silicomanganese 915-1,050 €/mt SiMnSiMn 10-100 65-75
Manganese metal lump 1,600-2,400 €/mt Mn Met LumpMn Met Lump 10-100 95-100
Manganese metal briquettes1,500-2,200 €/mt Mn Met BriqMn Met Briq50X3097-100
Manganese metal flakes 1,500-2,300 €/mt Mn Met FlakesMn Met Flakes0-10099.7-100

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Application of relevant Manganese types


High Carbon Ferromanganese (HCFeMn):

High carbon ferromanganese (HCFeMn) is the most widely used ferroalloy in terms of quantity. It usually has a manganese content of 70-80 wt% and a carbon content of 6-8 wt% During the production process, slags with a high content of manganese oxide are formed, which can be refined in further process steps to Silicomanganese (SiMn), Low carbon Ferromanganese (LCFeMn) or to Manganese metal.


Medium Carbon Ferromanganese (MCFeMn):

Ferromanganese alloy with a manganese content 75-90 wt% and a carbon content of 0.5-2 wt%.


Low Carbon Ferromanganese (LCFeMn):

Ferromanganese alloy with a manganese content 80-95 wt% and a carbon content of 0-0.5 wt%.


Ferromanganese briquettes (FeMn briqs): 

The compaction of Ferromanganese alloys of fine grain sizes into Ferromanganese briquettes briquettes can reduce dust losses and improve handling. 


Manganese metal flakes (Mn metal flakes):

Electrolytic manganese flakes, commonly referred as manganese metal flakes, with a minimum manganese content of 99.7 wt%, are mainly used by steel mills.  


Manganese metal briquettes (Mn metal briqs):

Manganese metal briquettes can be used as a substitute for flakes reducing dust loss and improving handling.


Manganese metal lumps (Mn metal lumps):

Besides flakes and briquettes, Mn metal can also be available in lumpy form.


Silicomanganese (SiMn):

Silicomanganese has additional silicon, which acts as a more powerful deoxidiser. Compared to the standard FeSi75 and HCFeMn, the use of silicomanganese also leads to a smaller increase in carbon, which makes it a preferred substitute.

 

Click here to read about Metalshub's SiMn price index or here to read about recent developments in the global managanese market.

Ferromanganese Material Data Sheet

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